Arequipa is the second largest city of Peru, located in a fertile valley at the foot of the sleeping volcano El Misti at an altitude of 2335 m. The historical center of the city with numerous temples is listed by UNESCO, and the most important of them is the main cathedral of Arequipa, which is considered one of the most unusual and most famous cathedrals of peru era of the Spanish conquest.
Myths and Facts
The cathedral was founded with the city in 1540. The original building was built by architect Toribio de Alcaraz from white petrified volcanic lava.
Arequipa is located in a seismically dangerous zone, where earthquakes often occur to this day. The Cathedral was repeatedly partially, and several times completely destroyed, but each time it was reborn in its original form. The last serious damage was during an earthquake in June 2001, when one of the towers fell. But already next year the building was completely restored.
What to see
Arequipa Cathedral is an excellent example of Spanish colonial architecture in neoclassical style, but it stands out especially for its huge size. Its magnificent facades dominate the Plaza de Armas in the city center.
Three naves the cathedral lean on ten columns decorated with gilding and silver. Inside are 13 altars carved from cedar and covered with gold. The cathedral also houses the organ donated by Belgium in 1870, which is considered the largest in South America .
Arequipa Cathedral is one of only a hundred basilicas that are allowed to raise the flag of the Vatican.
Cathedral of Arequipa (Cathedral of Arequipa) is open daily from 7.00 to 19.30, with a break from 11.30 to 16.30. The entrance is free.