Palaces and castles of Austria are the main tourist attraction of the country. One of the most famous is Schönbrunn Palace, which is located in the Austrian capital in Vienna. Together with its gardens, Schönbrunn Palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Myths and Facts
The history of the castle began in 1614, when Kaiser Matthias, who loved hunting, acquired a hunting lodge near the old town. Walking in the forest, he discovered a spring and ordered to dig a well in this place, which he called "schonnen Brunnen" - a wonderful spring. This well has been preserved and today is located in the Schönbrunn garden near the statue of a nymph. The hunting lodge was destroyed during the siege of Vienna by Turkish troops.
The construction of the majestic Schönbrunn castle began in 1696 and did not finish completely until 1712. The palace complex was designed by Fischer von Erlach on the modelPalace of versaillesfor the Habsburgs, a powerful dynasty that ruled most of Europe for centuries.
In 1700, Schönbrunn Palace was donated to Maria Theresa, who was then, among other ranks, reigning Archduke of Austria. It was a gift from her father. She ordered the court architect to overhaul the palace and make Rococo-style transformations, including a breakdown of the beautiful gardens, as inMirabell Palace (Salzburg). Unlike the darker manor Hofburg, another Habsburg castle in Vienna, Schönbrunn has become brighter, livelier and more welcoming. This Castle He was elected the summer residence of the imperial family of Austria and remained so until 1918, when the long reign of the Habsburg dynasty ended. After the fall of the monarchy, a park was decided and palace Schönbrunn open to the public.
What to see
The whole complex includes 1441 rooms. 190 rooms not belonging to the museum are leased to private individuals. Forty rooms of the castle are open to the public. The most interesting are state rooms, amazing for their decoration. Many rooms have exquisite stucco molding and decorative ornaments in the Rococo style, especially the Room of Millions is richly decorated.
You can study them for an unlimited time, imagining what divine life reigned here during the time of the Habsburgs, who made the history of Austria in these halls. In 1760, Joseph II married Isabella Parma here, in 1805-1806. the castle was the headquarters of Napoleon, and in 1814-1815. the Vienna Congress danced in its halls. Kaiser Franz Joseph I was born and died in Schönbrunn Castle And the last Kaiser Charles I renounced the crown here.
After exploring the rooms of the palace, take a look at the museum of carriages and carriages of Wagenbug. The collection includes more than 60 carriages, clothing and equipment for riding, livery coachmen and paintings with images of horses and carriages. Some exhibits of the museum date back to the 17th century!
Of course, the Schönbrunn Palace view would not be complete without its Imperial Garden. The gardens are divided into several parts, for example, the French garden, where hedges twist in a complex maze. Among the main attractions of Schönbrunn Garden is the Gloriett Pavilion, a summer marble house.
The park also houses one of the oldest zoos in the world, founded in 1752. The octagonal pavilion, decorated with lush ceiling paintings, is located in the center of the park. Now the zoo is home to about 4,500 animals.
Vienna also has a magnificent palace complexGazebo. And 80 km west of Vienna you will find one of Austria's most famous sights -Melk Monasterywith lush interiors and a unique library. If you are planning a trip to Salzburg, be sure to visitSalzburg CathedralandHohensalzburg Castle.
Schönbrunn Palace (Schönbrunn Schloß) is open daily from 8.30 to 17.30; July-August until 18.30; November-March until 17.00.
Cost: 11.50 €, children from 6 to 18 years old - 8.50 €.
Various tours of the palace are offered, including special children's tours where children are given the opportunity to try on imperial clothing.
How to get there: metro line U4, trams number 10, 58, bus number 10A, to Schönbrunn station.
Official site:www.schoenbrunn.at(German, English, Italian, French)