A hilly country with a harsh climate and a warlike population, the national motto of which is: “No one will touch me with impunity”, once delivered a lot of trouble to the English conquerors. As evidence of those times, hundreds of castles, fortresses, fortified temples and monasteries have been preserved. The castles and palaces of Scotland, surrounded by incredible mountain scenery, beautiful coastlines and many islands, are a fantastic sight.
Kerlawerk - Maxwell Castle. The clan’s ancestor is considered to be Makkus, the son of Andwain, who lived in the Kelso district near Roxburgh in the 12th century.
Glamis Castle has become famous as one of the most mystical and most visited castles in the UK, thanks to its legendary history, but it is best known as the birthplace of the mother of the current Queen Elizabeth II.
A small medieval castle surrounded by a wide moat, together with the adjacent park and garden are included in the list of historical monuments of Great Britain.
The construction of the first fortification on the island is lost in the haze of centuries. During excavations, fragments of the Pictish fortress were found. The name of the castle translates as Donana Island.
The castle on the shores of Loch Ness consists of a donjon and advanced fortifications. To some, such a scheme would seem to be a departure from the classics, but for Scotland, especially mountainous, the castle’s composition fully meets accepted standards.
Linlithgow is a palace, but was originally a castle. And now the impression is twofold - maybe a palace, or maybe a castle The towers do not belong to the palace, but to the castle.
Due to its elongated shape with three towers like masts, a castle above the water looks like a ship. Alas, this is a "ship that never sailed" - such is his nickname.
Tantallon - three towers and three walls. The perimeter is not closed, the fortifications were built almost only on the western side, plus a short northern wall adjacent at an acute angle. All other protection is rocks and the sea.
In the vicinity of Stirling is a gloomy castle that belonged to the first Duke of Albany (Scotland), which served as the backdrop for many films about medieval England.
Sterling is one of the largest castles, many important events of the country were decided within its walls, it withstood many sieges, kings were crowned here, now it is the most popular attraction.
Dannottar was also a tribal settlement, and a castle in the classical sense, and a church, and a prison, and an administrative center, and even a palace.
Craigmillar has been preserved almost the same as it was built. Other castles were repeatedly rebuilt, rebuilt, destroyed, restored.
In the heart of old Edinburgh stands St Giles Cathedral - the "main church" of Scotland. One of the most important architectural monuments for several centuries was the main center of the religious life of the country.
Holyrood Palace is the official residence of the British Queen in Scotland, where state ceremonies and official receptions are held.
Edinburgh Castle is Scotland's most famous landmark with a thousand-year history, most of which it was a royal residence.