The country's modern territory was once part of three empires - Ghana, Mali and Songai - which controlled trans-Saharan trade. By the sixteenth century, these cities became legends in Europe, representing all the exotic wealth of Africa. Today, Mali attracts travelers with surrealistic paintings of giant sand castles and rock-hewn cities with caravans of camels walking in the desert.
The Jenna Grand Mosque is the largest adobe building in the world and one of the most famous attractions in Africa, which is listed in UNESCO.
Bandiagara is an ancient rock dwelling, in which the Dogon people still live.
The Djinguerebersky mosque is located on the southern edge of the Sahara desert in the city of Timbuktu, which is a famous training center in Mali.